We conducted 12 in-depth interviews for the purpose of this case study. Our main hypothesis was that two shock events (flood of 1997 and 2010) had significant impact on flood risk management in this city. Słubice is interesting from the transboundary flood risk management perspective. While it is located at the Polish-German border with Frankurt (am Oder) as its twin-city, we wanted to answer the question to which extent these two floods had been a triggering factors on the scale and quality of transboundary cooperation. We found that:

  1. In such flood prone area as Słubice, there is an unquestionable trust in defence measures. It is hardly to say about ‘infrastructural path dependency’, in circumstances where embankments protecting the city highly vulnerable to floods seem to be the only way to deal with flood risk.
  2. Flood of 1997 denuded ineffectiveness of crisis actions on both Polish-German side. Massive improvement and cooperation have led to ‘model cooperation’ between two citites during second flood in 2010. Preparation strategy improvement thus can be noted.
  3. Spatial planning strategy can be presented as weak and secondary over local development. Secondary, because flood of 1997 triggered local people to build their houses farther from the Odra River and spatial planners were just reactive over local demands. This state is likely to continue in the future due to high pressure of local authorities to attract potential investors.
  4. Although improvement in crisis management cooperation between Słubice and Frankfurt can be observed, it seems that incoherence with spatial and development actions constrain better coordination and information management about flood risk. Thus, flood risk management
  5. Nature conservation supporters (NGOs) frame principle to protect nature in clear-cut manner. It means that embankments clearly increase flood risk and they should be demolished before next flood event.



Map of Poland with location of case study areas; 2 = Slubice