Flood defense is a dominant risk governance strategy in Belgium. However, the recent Flemish Sigmaplan is not solely focused on ‘hard’ measures. Induced by the decree on integrated water policy, Flanders has a legal framework to support risk prevention and flood mitigation. Monitoring of (non) navigable rivers and population warning systems are invested in. Due to the federal state structure, disaster planning and evacuation plans are the competence of the national government.
For research on flood risk strategies in Belgium, three cases with diverse characteristics were selected: