The Netherlands are very vulnerable to flooding. More than 30 % of the country – including the economically most significant areas – is located below sea level. The Dutch traditionally focused on flood defence but have started to look for ways to broaden their Flood Risk Strategies towards flood preparation, mitigation and (occasionally) recovery.
Dominant actors in The Netherlands are the national agency Rijkswaterstaat and the regional water authorities. Their roles and responsibilities are based on the Water Act (2009) and the Water Authorities Act (1991) and policy programmes like the National Adaptation Strategy, and the Delta Programme.