For the purpose of conducting Poznań County case study 14 semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted, along with extended desk-research (policy documents and legal acts). 3-4 additional interviews are planned. We were trying to answer the question whether and in what direction shifts in flood risk management can be observed in the region of this 550,000 city. So far, we have found the following:
- Flood risk management rely on defence approach. Jeziorsko reservoir, one of the biggest in Poland, exhibit water and flood management ambiguities. Multi-purpose usage of this reservoir (flood risk minimizing, tourist and nature conservation) show culture of underdeveloped cooperation. Variety of interests articulated are perceived by actors involved (e.g. farmers, flood and drainage managers, local communities or municipalities that were interviewed) as a proof of differences rather than a source of plurality of opinions. Thus, although defence strategy can be described as dominant in the region of Poznań, its apologetics are conflicted with nature conservation supporters (NGOs mainly).
- Although flood risk is not so severe in Poznań County, flood management representatives (and other actors) admit that defence approach is not sufficient and additional prevention actions need to be taken into account. Spatial planning measures are provided by almost all interviews as a promising tools to achieve this flood minimizing goal. At the same time inherent problems with prevention strategy constrain this shift in strategies.
- Through the lenses of flood risk management analysis incoherence in spatial planning procedures at different administrative levels are evident. Spatial planners at local-municipality level (as the only one with regulative function) take into account flood risk rarely. Providing land for development is their priority. Sumiltaneously, the role of flood risk and hazard maps, being prepared for the purposes of Flood Directive, is unclear. Agricultural Property Agency, which is the State Treasury institution and the biggest owner of land in the analysed region, considers itself as the body, for which flood protection is not the first responsibility. It is under pressure to sell the land and effective usage of flood plain areas in the future is likely to be unknown.
- While some minor ambiguities appear in the preparation strategy, it is considered as effective and well organised (mainly due to the establishment of Crisis Management Act of 2007). State Fire Brigades, trained and well equiped are the key (f)actor for the strategy’s stability and effectiveness
Map of Poland with location of case studies; 1 = Poznan county