As the 2013 floods in Germany, the Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, Slovakia, Poland and Hungary and the 2014 floods in the UK have shown again, flood risks form a significant threat to human lives and economic value in urban areas across Europe. Flood risks will increase due to climate change, population growth and urbanisation. To respond to these pressures, further action is required. Under the framework of the Floods Directive (2007/60/EC), EU Member States are currently reflecting on their Flood Risk Management approaches, aiming to improve and integrate their Flood Risk Management Strategies and enhance societal resilience.
To guide EU Member States in this process, STAR-FLOOD developed its first policy brief. It presents the first results of the STAR-FLOOD project, concerning the state-of-the-art in flood risk management and a framework for analysing flood risk governance. The results and recommendations may be rele-vant for developing new approaches to flood risk management, for example in drafting Flood Risk Management Plans when implementing the Floods Directive (2007/60/EC).
Implementation of Flood Risk Management Strategies is strongly dependent on the organisation or governance arrangements in which they are embedded. To ensure implementation, the responsible actors, policies, legislation, financial and other resources need to be well organised. Fragmentation in Flood Risk Governance Arrangements may delay or even obstruct the implementation of new, inte-grated strategies. Fragmentation is often due to little coordination and collaboration between the policy domains of water management, spatial planning and disaster management and between public and private actors. Introducing bridging mechanisms that connect different strategies, actors, perspectives, rules and resources may provide a solution.
In summary, we recommend to:
1. Combine multiple Flood Risk Management Strategies
2. Develop or improve Flood Risk Governance Arrangements
3. Overcome existing institutional fragmentation with bridging mechanisms
These recommendations are based on preliminary results. We will further validate and elaborate them in the remainder of the project.
Please, click here to access the policy brief.